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(2011), PG-13 [R-13*] (1hr 41.5min)

Final Score
Analysis Date
Date Posted
Influence Density
November 2, 2011
November 8, 2011

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(While the Scriptural references are certainly not subjective, my commentary may be and sometimes is somewhat subjective.)

If Scriptural references appear, the full text appears at the end of the Summary / Commentary.

(2011), PG-13 [R-13*] ...

Cast/Crew Details Courtesy Internet Movie Database
Production (US): Regency Enterprises, New Regency Pictures, Strike Entertainment
Distribution (US): 20th Century Fox Film Corporation
Director(s): Andrew Niccol
Producer(s): Marc Abraham, Andrew Z. Davis, Amy Israel, Debra James, Kristel Laiblin, Eric Newman, Andrew Niccol
Written by: Andrew Niccol
Cinematography/Camera: Roger Deakins
Music: Craig Armstrong
Film Editing: Zach Staenberg
Casting: Denise Chamian
Production Design: Alex McDowell
Art Direction: Vlad Bina, Todd Cherniawsky, Priscilla Elliott, Chris Farmer
Viewed at ShowBiz Cinema 6

In the future no one lives past the age of 26 ... unless they can get more time. At age 25 each person stops aging but has only one more year to live.

Everyone is given only so much time as shown by a string of glowing digits on their left forearm. As time progresses the numbers get smaller and smaller. When the numbers all read zero, the person dies. If by some means a person can get more time they will live longer but they still do not age past 25.

Time has become the monetary standard. Everything costs time, not money. A bus ride may take two days of your time bank. Breakfast may cost you a week. In this future setting, the expression "time is money" is given new meaning. Time is literally money.

Everyone tries their best to get more time. Some get more time by honest means. Some by dishonest means. The need for more time becomes the narcotic of the age as people beg, borrow and steal time just to live another day. Such is the case with Will Salas (Justin Timberlake).

Will lives with his 50 year old mother, Rachel (Olivia Wilde) who still looks 25. Will is 28. Rachel is caught one day with too little time left to pay for a bus ride to meet Will so he can give her more time. To walk the distance would take two hours. She doesn't have two hours. Rachel tries to run the distance but times out and dies just as she falls into Will's arms. In this world, time-out is permanent. And you don't get five time-outs, you get one.

In a bar Will rescues a strange and wealthy man from a robbery of the 100 years the man has left. The man, who is several hundred years old, is one of the few who are tired of life and while Will is asleep he gives Will his 100 years then commits suicide. A Time Keeper named Raymond Leon (Cillian Murphy), a modern day police detective, feels the man's suicide is instead a murder by Will for the man's time. Will is now a fugitive from the law. Later Will gambles his way into timely wealth and abducts a rich man's daughter, Sylvia Weis (Amanda Seyfried). But seeing the abduction as a welcome adventure, Sylvia does not think of herself as an abducted rich girl but as a compatriot. Together, Will and Sylvia become the "Bonnie and Clyde" of time. They rob banks - banks of time


Following are brief discussions of the content per individual content investigation area. As always the Findings section of this report is the best source for discovering the full accounting of the content of this film.

Wanton Violence/Crime (W) - Zero out of 100
The violence/crime content of this show centers around firearms, assault, defensive killing and death violence. Abduction, breaking and entering, armed robbery and pursuit to kill add to the violence/crime envelope. The extent and depth of the violence/crime content is too extensive to even summarize here and still do it justice. A full listing of the findings regarding violence and crime is provided in the listing in the Findings section. There is enough violence and crime in this film to be fully equivalent to the same caliber of content in most R-rated films. How can I make such a claim? R-rated films in the comparative baseline database earned scores 54 and below out of 100. In Time earned a content investigation area score of zero out of 100.

It would be advisable to again remind our readers, before you decide whether to watch this film, to consider what our Father has admonished about violence. In Prov. 16:29, one of many such warnings, God advises us that violence is "catching": that embracing violence, even in and as entertainment, can lead the observer "into the way that is not good." Years after God "published" His admonitions against violence in the Bible, four professional public health agencies plagiarized God's Word by publishing findings about violence in and as entertainment. They jointly declare that viewing violence in and as entertainment, especially by the young, can, among other things, lead the observer to believe violence is an effective means to settle conflict and can lead the viewer into real life violence.

Impudence/Hate (I) - 28 out of 100
There are 11 uses of profanity in this film plus one use of the most foul of the foul words. [Col. 3:8, Eph. 5:4] In addition, a daughter shows disrespect of her father and assaults him. But one of the most arrogant matters of contempt for rightfulness embraced by this story I have ever heard is the "Is it stealing if its already stolen?" Answer: Yes. It is not only theft it is possession of stolen property. [Isa. 13:11]

Sexual Immorality (S) - 28 out of 100
This is a typical R-equivalent PG-13 sexually speaking. It involves innuendo about intercourse, excessive cleavage and other dressing to maximize the female form and/or skin exposure. It also includes silhouette nudity, a man and a woman stripping to swim nude and a man and a woman in bed making out in their underwear (as if in their underwear is supposed to mask what the scene communicates). And cohabitation. There is more but if you want to know please look to the listing in the Findings section.

All of God's Word about sexual immorality can be summed up as any sexual contact (including visual and audible), conduct or activity outside of a monogamous heterosexual marriage is sinful. Two verses that address the issue is 1 Corinthians 7:1 - 2.

Drugs/Alcohol (D) - 31 out of 100
There is enough appearance of alcoholic beverages and drinking for the Drugs/Alcohol content to be equivalent to the same in many R-rated films. The American College of Physicians (ACP) has something to say about that.

A 2002 study by the ACP revealed that adolescent exposure to drinking in and as entertainment undeniably leads to abuse of alcohol among underage viewers. The finding entitled Relation Between Parental Restrictions on Movies and Adolescent Use of Tobacco and Alcohol reports that of 4544 youths from grades 5 through 8 of fifteen Vermont and New Hampshire middle schools (90% of the youths were under fourteen years old) only 16% were completely restricted in their entertainment diets. Within the ACP study population, the prevalence of having tried alcohol without parental knowledge was

  • 46% for those with no viewing restrictions
  • 16% for those with partial viewing restrictions
  • four percent for those with complete viewing restrictions. [Eph. 5:18]

    Offense to God (O) - 74 out of 100
    Five times someone abuses God's name though each is without the four letter expletive. I guess it is nice that the writers did not include abuse of God's name with the four letter expletive but God does not agree. Any blasphemy is sinful. And He won't disregard a single abuse of His name. "Whether we believe it or not. Whether we like it or not. Whether we care or not." [Deut. 5:11]

    Murder/Suicide (M) - 74 out of 100
    Defensive killings, deaths police action or deaths by war are not incorporated into this investigation area but are incorporated into the Wanton Violence/Crime content investigation area. Only murder and/or suicide are. This film presents two murders and one suicide.

    Some have wondered why the model includes suicide into this content investigation area. To address any concerns that may arise by reading this, suicide is murder ... murder of the self.



    If needed to focus or fortify, applicable text is underlined or bracketed [ ] or bold. If you wish to have full context available, the Blue Letter Bible is a convenient source. If you use the Blue Letter Bible, a new window will open. Close it to return here or use "Window" in your browser's menu bar to alternate between the CAP page and the Blue Letter Bible page.


  • Prov. 16:29 A violent man enticeth his neighbour, and leadeth him into the way that is not good. [The issue is the violence, the 'way that is not good' no matter how "small" or "fantasy" or "justified" the violence might seem, and its "leading" effect on the observer. "A violent man" can be any character of any age, any gender, human or not in the act of committing (demonstrating in the case of entertainment) violent behavior/action whether for good or evil OR the violent behaviors/actions themselves. Such exposure can and does embolden the viewer into aggression, especially youth. It took years for the American professional health community to finally affirm, probably without knowing it, that which God told us in 1 Cor. 15:33 below. See also Joint Statement on the Impact of Entertainment Violence on Children: Congressional Public Health Summit for more information. Their findings include:
    --> Children who see a lot of violence are more likely to view violence as an effective way of settling conflicts. Children exposed to violence are more likely to assume the acts of violence are acceptable behavior.
    --> Viewing violence can lead to emotional desensitization towards violence in real life. It can decease the likelihood that one will take action on behalf of a victim when violence occurs.
    --> Entertainment violence feeds a perception that the world is a violent and mean place. Viewing violence increases fear of becoming a victim of violence, with a resultant increase in self-protective behavior and a mistrust of others.
    --> Viewing violence may lead to real life violence. Children exposed to violent programming at a young age have a higher tendency for violent and aggressive behavior later in life than children who are not so exposed.
    Further, God speaks darkly of violence 56 times in the Old and New Testament of the KJV.]
  • Col. 3:8 But now ye also put off [rid yourself of] all these; anger, wrath, malice [kakia: ill-will, desire to injure, wickedness, depravity, evil, trouble, not ashamed to break laws, etc.], blasphemy [blasphemia: impious and reproachful speech injurious to divine majesty], filthy communication [aischrologia:foul speaking, low and obscene speech] out of your mouth.
  • Eph. 5:4 Nor should there be obscenity, foolish talk or coarse joking, which are out of place, but rather thanksgiving.
  • Isa. 13:11 I will punish the world for its evil, the wicked for their sins. I will put an end to the arrogance of the haughty and will humble the pride of the ruthless.
  • 1 Cor. 7:1-2 Now concerning the things whereof ye wrote unto me: It is good for a man not to touch a woman. Nevertheless, to avoid fornication, let every man have his own wife, and let every woman have her own husband. ["Not to touch..." God is wise to rationalizations of man. "Touch" is haptomai {hap'-tom-ahee}; to touch; of carnal intercourse with a woman or cohabitation.]
  • Eph. 5:18 Do not get drunk on wine, which leads to debauchery. Instead, be filled with the Spirit. [Since "drunk" is methusko {meth-oos'-ko}: to intoxicate; make drunk; to get drunk; become intoxicated, "wine" can be any intoxicating substance including illegal drugs or abuse of prescription drugs. The issue is do not abuse the body by intoxicating it [1 Cor. 6:19]. Though it is not a sin to drink, it is a sin to get drunk OR to influence to get drunk OR to drink in defiance such as underage drinking.
  • Deut. 5:11 Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain: for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that taketh His name in vain. [Vain is shav {shawv}: emptiness, nothingness, vanity, such as in slang or profanity. With or without the four letter expletive, the use of God's name in any way other than respect, reverence or responsible discussion and in praise and prayer is in vain. That includes the popular three syllable sentence with His name trailing it AND the misuse of Jesus' name or title. So, trying to excuse such expressions with "I was talking TO God/Jesus when I said that" or It's just words" or "I was acting" will not work with Him. Nor will "Everybody says that" excuse the sin of using His name in vain. If everyone on the planet who has ever drawn a breath used His name in vain, it would still be a sin to do so. If no one ever did, it would still be a sin to do so. Whether we believe it or not. Whether we like it or not. Whether we care or not.]

    Selected Scriptures of Armour against the influence of the entertainment industry

  • Jer. 37:9 This is what the LORD says: Do not deceive yourselves, thinking, 'The Babylonians [the destroyers from within] will surely leave us.' They will not!
  • Ps. 12:8 The wicked freely strut about when what is vile is honored among men [when enough people continue to defend what is vile, embrace it, enjoy it, want it, submit to it.]
  • Col. 2:8 Beware lest any man [by his influence] spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit, after the tradition of men, after the rudiments of the world, and not after Christ.
  • 1 Cor. 15:33 Be not deceived: evil [kakov: of a bad nature, not such as it ought to be] communications corrupt good manners.
  • Rom. 5:19 For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous.
  • Jude 1:4 For there are certain men* crept in unawares [secretly slipped in among us], who were before of old ordained to this condemnation [whose condemnation was written about long ago], ungodly men, turning the grace of our God into lasciviousness [a license for immorality], and denying the only Lord God, and our Lord Jesus Christ. [*men: anthropos {anth'-ro-pos}, generic, a human being, whether male or female]
  • Matt. 25:40 And the King shall answer and say unto them, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye have done it unto one of the least of these my brethren, ye have done it unto me.
  • Luke 17:2 It were better for him that a millstone were hanged about his neck, and he cast into the sea, than that he should offend one of these little ones. [Offend: skandalizo {skan-dal-id'-zo} - scandalize; to entice to sin; to cause a person to begin to distrust and desert one whom he ought to trust and obey; to cause to fall away.]
  • Ps. 119:133 Order my steps in thy word: and let not any iniquity have dominion over me [let no sin rule over me].
  • John 14:15 If ye love me, keep my commandments.
  • 1 Thess. 5:22 Abstain from all appearance of evil. ["Evil" includes all things that are sinful.]


    As always, it is best to refer to the Findings/Scoring section -- the heart of the CAP analysis model -- for the most complete assessment possible of this movie.
    (The objective heart of the CAP Analysis Model, independent of and insulated from the Summary / Commentary section.)

    In Time (2011) CAP Thermometers

    Wanton Violence/Crime (W) - Zero out of 100
  • dead bodies, repeatedly
  • firearm for offensive, to control others, and to threaten, repeatedly
  • pursuit to kill, repeatedly
  • death by prevailing mechanisms
  • reckless driving, repeatedly
  • assault sequence
  • abduction, including at gunpoint
  • reckless endangerment
  • vehicular assault including with property damage, repeatedly
  • traffic collision
  • gunfire to kill with bullet impact and injury
  • additional gunfire to kill, repeatedly
  • armed robbery, repeatedly
  • breaking and entering with vehicle
  • additional breaking and entering
  • firearm to head
  • felony flight to avoid lawful arrest
  • defensive killing, repeatedly
  • extensive police assault

    Impudence/Hate (I) - 28 out of 100
  • 11 uses of profanity
  • one use of the most foul of the foul words
  • daughter disrespect of father
  • offers to lie
  • daughter assault of father
  • glorification of criminal behavior with "Is it stealing if it's already stolen?

    Sexual Immorality (S) - 28 out of 100
  • excessive cleavage, repeatedly
  • dressing to maximize the female form and/or skin exposure, repeatedly
  • off to give sex, thrice
  • innuendo re: intercourse
  • silhouette nudity
  • man and woman stripping to nudity to swim nude
  • man and woman in bed in underwear making out
  • cohabitation
  • inappropriate touch
  • sex threat

    Drugs/Alcohol (D) - 31 out of 100
  • booze, repeatedly
  • bar, repeatedly
  • drinking, repeatedly

    Offense to God (O) - 74 out of 100
  • 5 abuses of God's name
  • seeking vengeance
  • gambling

    Murder/Suicide (M) - 74 out of 100
  • suicide by prevailing mechanisms
  • gunfire murder
  • murder by prevailing mechanisms

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    There are some in the entertainment industry who maintain that 1) violent programming is harmless because no studies exist that prove a connection between violent entertainment and aggressive behavior in children, and 2) young people know that television, movies, and video games are simply fantasy. Unfortunately, they are wrong on both accounts." And "Viewing violence may lead to real life violence." I applaud these associations for fortifying 1 Cor. 15:33. Read the rest of the story. From our years of study, I contend that other aberrant behaviors, attitudes, and expressions can be inserted in place of "violence" in that statement. Our Director - Child Psychology Support, a licensed psychologist and certified school psychologist concurs. For example, "Viewing arrogance against fair authority may lead to your kids defying you in real life." Or "Viewing sex may lead to sex in real life." Likewise and especially with impudence, hate and foul language. I further contend that any positive behavior can be inserted in place of "violence" with the same chance or likelihood of being a behavior template for the observer; of being incorporated into the behavior mechanics and/or coping skills of the observer. In choosing your entertainment, please consider carefully the "rest of the story" and our findings.

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    * CAP Equivalence to MPAA Rating Scale:
    Please note our new manner of indicating a film's Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA) rating in comparison with the CAP equivalence such as "PG-13 [R-13]." The first term is the Motion Picture Association of America's (MPAA) rating. The second term [in brackets] indicates that which the film earned under the CAP analysis model. In the example, "PG-13 [R-13]" indicates the MPAA rated the film PG-13 but the film earned a CAP final score in the scoring range earned by R-rated movies in the comparative baseline database. Other comparative terms used might be "PG [13-PG]", "G [PG-G] or even 'PG-13 [PG]" as was the case for Alien vs Predator. I doubt there will ever be a "G [R]" used, but only time will tell. The CAP analysis model is Rock-solid. The MPAA is not.

    The current CAP to MPAA** nomenclature is:

    For G rated Films with
    G equivalence: G
    PG equivalence: PG-G
    PG-13 equivalence: 13-G
    R equivalence: R-G<
    For PG rated Films with
    G equivalence: G-PG
    PG equivalence: PG
    PG-13 equivalence: 13-PG
    R equivalence: R-PG
    For PG-13 rated Films with
    G equivalence: G-13
    PG equivalence: PG(13)
    PG-13 equivalence: PG-13
    R equivalence: R-13
    For R rated Films with
    G equivalence: G-R
    PG equivalence: PG-R
    PG-13 equivalence: 13-R
    R equivalence: R
    For NR rated Films with
    G equivalence: G-NR
    PG equivalence: PG-NR
    PG-13 equivalence: 13-NR
    R equivalence: R-NR
    ** G, PG, PG-13 and R are registered trademarks of the Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA).

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